Types of Work

Types of Work

What are the different forms of work and what do they mean?

  • Casual work
  • Part time
  • Full time
  • Contractor
  • Subcontractor
  • Volunteer
  • Self Employed

Casual Work

  • Roster fluctuates week to week
  • May be asked to work differing hours or only when opportunities arise
  • No advance commitment to ongoing work (not guaranteed ongoing work)
  • You only require limited notice to quit
  • Having a regular pattern of work doesn’t mean an employee is not a casual

Note: A lot of young people enter the workplace with a casual role as it’s highly flexible with school hours and/or Christmas casual work (Nov/Dec)

Perks of Casual Work

  • 25% casual loading (higher rate of pay than permanent employees)
  • 2 days unpaid carer’s leave per occasion
  • 2 days unpaid compassionate leave per occasion
  • Unpaid community service leave
  • Paid family and domestic violence leave
  • Pathway to become a permanent employee – casual conversion

However

  • Not given paid sick or annual leave

Part Time Work

  • Less than 38 hours per week
  • Can be permanent (ongoing employment) or a fixed-term contract (set date to end)

Perks of Part Time Work

  • More “secure” – must be given written notice/payment if employment is ending
  • Entitled to paid leave (e.g. annual, sick/carer’s leave, or family and domestic violence leave)
  • Hours are usually regular each week (pattern of work can change if you agree)

However

  • Less flexible than casual work

Full Time Work

  • Usually equal to or more than 38 hours per week
  • Can be permanent (ongoing employment) or a fixed-term contract (set date to end)

Perks of Part Time Work

  • More “secure” – must be given written notice/payment if employment is ending
  • Entitled to paid leave (e.g. annual, sick/carer’s leave, or family and domestic violence leave)
  • Hours are usually regular each week (pattern of work can change if you agree)

Gig Work

Self Employment